Get green cracker formula ready by May 15: SC to Centre
New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Thursday directed the Centre to approve chemical composition of green crackers by May 15. It noted that the manufacturing of green crackers in the country must begin as soon as possible.
The apex court directed the Petroleum And Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO), a statutory body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industries, to approve the green cracker formulation and submit its report to the Centre to grant approval by May 15.
Almost four months after the Supreme Court banned manufacture of polluting firecrackers and allowed bursting of only ‘green’ crackers, the chemical formulation of these crackers have been finalised and bulk manufacturing could start from May after getting the necessary approvals from Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation by April 30.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), which were entrusted with the task by the court to formulate the chemical composition of green crackers, told the apex court that trial samples have been developed and tested.
They told a bench of Justices A K Sikri and S Abdul Nazeer, “After the joint work in various fireworks manufacturing factories situated in an around Sivakasi (in Tamil Nadu) and after observing materials, analysis/assessment of the manufacturing process and testing performance efficiency, it appears that the above mentioned manufacturing shall reduce the emission of pollutants PM2.5 at least by 25-30 per cent (improved and green fireworks/green firecrackers) and it will be a win-win situation in the interest of all stake holders in the public interest,” it said.
They also said that testing of light emitting fireworks was demonstrated successfully in the presence of Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) which is to approve the chemical composition.
“It is envisaged that product approval for new formulations shall be given by PESO by April 30 and the bulk production of fireworks shall be initiated by May 10,” the minutes of meeting, which was placed before the bench, said. It said that emission of pollutants in green crackers would be reduced by 25-30 percent and memorandum of understanding has been signed with nearly 200 manufacturers.
Before last Diwali, the apex court had on October 23 banned manufacturing of polluting firecrackers and ruled that only green crackers with reduced emission will be be allowed to be sold in the country in order to control the pollution level.